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14 Jul 2020

Get to Know Your Sprinkler Pumps with Sprinkler Master Repair

Knowing about your sprinkler pumps is important if you want a healthy, green lawn. By counting on the services of Sprinkler Master Repair, we’re here to help you know all you need to know when it comes to these important pumps. If you have any questions or concerns, or perhaps if you’d just like to get in touch with us, click here to be directed to any of our franchise locations around the United States!

ITS PURPOSESprinkler Master Flag

Sprinkler Pumps are used to increase pressure in a sprinkler system. Pumps are typically used in low-pressure or large systems. They are usually between 3 and 5 horsepower, depending on the size of the sprinkler system, and are usually connected to 115 volts and 230 volts. The pipe sizes are usually between 1 and two inches with not much fluctuation in between. Though the pumps are simple enough, there are things you’ll need to do to maintain them properly.

Click here to watch a video that gives a general overview of the sprinkler pump, and get in touch with any of our Sprinkler Master Repair locations to get your questions answered or your needs met!

Names of Parts:

Pump: These increase water pressure and volume and are run by an electric motor.

Pump Start Relays: These are electrically operated switches that turn on the pump. It’s started by a surge from the sprinkler timer that sends the power to the pump.

Foot Valves: These valves let water into the system and prevents the pump from draining out. Usually, these are used when you’re pulling water from a body of water such as a canal or a lake.

Loss of Prime Switches: are switches that will turn off the pump if there is no water coming into the pump. This prevents pump burnouts.

Above-Ground Sprinkler Pumps: boost the water pressure in the system by a significant amount. A downside is that they are very expensive, both to buy and repair.

Sprinkler RepairCommon Problems with Sprinkler Pumps:

  • Not getting power
  • The pump is bad
  • Cracks in the pump causing leaks
  • Bad pump start relay
  • Not enough water getting to the pump
  • Clogged filter

How to Diagnose and Repair Problems:

With a pump, there can only be 3 sources to a problem.

1. The pump is bad

2. Power isn’t reaching the pump

3. Water is not getting to the pump

You know the pump is bad if there is power running to it, but it’s still not functioning. Use a multimeter to test if there is power on the wires. If the pump is bad, you will most likely need to replace it or have it rebuilt. If no power is getting to the pump, use a multi-meter to see if you are getting power.

There are 4 things that could be why the pump is not getting power:

  1. Power In: Check and see if there is power coming to the relay. If there is not power, the breaker might have tripped.
  2. Relay Switch: If power is coming to the relay switch, check the outgoing part to see if you are getting power going out of the relay. If no power is going out, it is most likely a bad relay switch.
  3. Bad Wiring: If you are getting power going out of the relay but not to the pump, most likely there is a break in the wire.
  4. Loss of Prime Switches: You can manually override the loss of prime switch to see if that is causing the problem. If the loss of prime is turning off the pump, it’s most likely doing its job and the system lacks the incoming pressure to run stably. If it has enough PSI, but the switch is not working, the switch could be bad but if its low PSI, it could be a filter that needs to be cleaned.

How to Install or Repair:

Pumps should be installed on a flat, secure surface such as a plastic box or cement. Pumps should also be installed with a cover to protect them from weathering and wearing prematurely. For installation of the electrical components, make sure to follow all guidelines from the pump manufacturer, and know if it’s 110 volts or 220 volts coming to the pump. Whenever dealing with any electrical parts on the pump, ensure the breaker is turned off.

If a pump goes out, it can be replaced and hooked back up as long as none of the existing wires are modified or changed. A pump should be on its own breaker and connected to a relay. When connecting a pump to a sprinkler system, make sure it comes right off the main water supply before it connects to any components (except a filter and main valve). Usually, the main water supply connects to the center of the pump (usually a 1 ½ inch female connection) and comes out of the top or side (usually a 1-inch female connection). Since pumps are installed above ground, make sure to use the galvanized pipe.

When you’re finished with the pumps, make sure they are primed — which means that they have water inside that can keep the pieces lubricated. However, if there is pressure coming into the system, you usually won’t have to prime. In the case that you do, there is a primer access port usually on top of the pump. Remove the plug and pour water into it, replace the plug and run it for a few seconds.

Tips and Tricks:

Pumps often run at expensive prices. Be sure that you know what you’re doing, or get in touch with any of our Sprinkler Master Repair locations by clicking here. Our experienced and qualified sprinkler technicians can get the job done right the first time. Choose Sprinkler Master Repair to work on your sprinkler pumps, and so much more! Sprinkler Master Logo

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02 Jul 2020

Common Sprinkler Heads with Sprinkler Master Repair

Sprinkler Heads are an essential part of any lawn with an automatic sprinkler system installed in them. They’re not so much there for creativity, but rather for functionality. Choosing the right sprinkler head can prove to be an important task, as one must consider the implications of saving water, money, and energy depending on the type of sprinkler head to install. Of the big three that we’ll discuss today, they all have differing functions. At Sprinkler Master Repair, we’re dedicated to helping you know all you need when it comes to picking and choosing the perfect sprinkler head for your lawn.

Sprinkler Head Work

Get in touch with any of our Sprinkler Master Repair locations to learn more and schedule an appointment about installing or repairing your sprinkler heads, at Colorado SpringsFresnoRenoBoiseLincoln, and all our areas in Utah, including — LoganUtah CountySalt Lake CityDavis CountyWest Jordan/Sandy, and Weber County. No matter where you are, Sprinkler Master Repair is here to serve you and your sprinkler needs!

Overview of Sprinkler HeadsSprinkler Head Repair

There are three main styles of sprinkler heads. They all have different functions, but they all serve the same purpose of spraying water from the sprinkler lines and out to the lawn. Sprinkler heads are positioned around the yard to provide full coverage of the lawn and flower beds. They are designed to retract to sit at or slightly below ground level when not in operation. When the head is activated, water pressure causes the head to pop up and efficiently spray water to use less water and save more time than by dragging the hose around your yard. Though there is a cost with installing a sprinkler system, you’ll save more time and money in the long run with Sprinkler Master Repair!

Click here to watch an overview of the types of sprinkler heads.

Common Types of Sprinkler Head:

In the expertise of Sprinkler Master Repair, there are three main types of sprinkler heads to look out for. As explained above, they all serve a separate but equal function in getting your lawn watered and promoting healthy grass-growth. The most common types of sprinkler head are:

1. Pop-Up Sprinkler Heads

2. Gear-Driven Rotor Sprinkler Heads

3. Impact Rotor Sprinkler Heads

Pop-Up Sprinkler Heads

Pop-Up Sprinkler Heads spray in a fan pattern and are generally used for smaller areas like park strips. They come in various heights, with most new sprinkler systems using all 4” sprinklers. Taller sprinkler heads are used for ground cover, gardens, and shrubs.

Some additional facts and figures about the Pop-up Sprinkler Head:

  • Pop-up spray nozzles are a separate part of the sprinkler body.
  • They are screwed on the top of the sprinkler riser and spray between 3-18’ depending on the head you choose.
  • Pop-up sprinkler heads have various spray patterns, such as a full circle, half-circle, or a quarter circle, square, rectangle, etc.
  • There are also separate variable arc nozzles that have an adjustable spray from 0-360 degrees.

Gear-Driven Rotor Sprinkler Heads

Gear-Driven Rotors are very common in medium-to-large scale sprinkler systems. These rotors are more water-efficient and quiet, but typically require more maintenance than the Impact Rotors. These are commonly used in large residential areas to get the most bang for your buck.

Gear-driven rotors come with nozzle trees, similar to this, with many different nozzles to choose from. The nozzles range from 1.5 to 8 gallons per minute (GPM) and typically have standard angle spray or low angle spray.

The Gear-Driven Rotors’ spray distance ranges from 18 to 55 feet with an arc range from 40 to 360 degrees.

Impact Rotor Sprinkler Heads

Impact Rotors are similar to Gear-Driven Rotors in distance and arc ranges. They have a simple design and work well in areas where irrigation water is used in the sprinkler system. These rotors require less maintenance because they can take on dirty water without breaking.

One downfall of the Impact Rotors is that they tend to be noisier than the other types of sprinkler heads. They are also more expensive because they are often made out of higher-cost materials such as brass. Due to that cost, however, they are guaranteed to last longer than their plastic counterparts.


Once more, the three types of sprinkler heads discussed above are simply just the most common. By getting in touch with any Sprinkler Master Repair location, we can help you learn more, install, or repair your sprinkler heads using quality parts and service at an affordable price. We only install the best and repair the rest at every job!

Click here to get in contact with the nearest Sprinkler Master Repair location to you, today!


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01 Jul 2020

Understanding Sprinkler Wires with Sprinkler Master Repair

Sprinklers can be confusing if you’re unsure what you’re dealing with. That’s why at Sprinkler Master Repair, we’re here to help you know all you need when dealing with your sprinkler wiring. Across all of our franchise locations, including Colorado Springs, Fresno, Reno, Boise, Lincoln, and all in Utah — with Logan, Utah County, Salt Lake City, Davis County, West Jordan/Sandy, and Weber County, we offer the best parts, service, and work at an affordable price!

To best help you on the journey of understanding sprinkler wires, we’ll be breaking things down by purpose, parts, pros and cons, common problems, and other factors. We’re doing what we can to ensure that you know what to do with your sprinkler wires. If you do need any additional help of any kind, however, be sure to check out this link to get in touch with your local Sprinkler Master Repair location today!

ITS PURPOSESprinkler Wire Repair

The purpose of the sprinkler wire is to deliver electricity from the timer to the automatic valves, which allows the valves to open. Every valve has a solenoid with two wires; one common wire, and one zone wire. The common wire is usually white but can be any color as long as it’s hooked to the common slot in the sprinkler timer. It’s important for the common wire to be connected to every zone.

On the contrary, the zone wire is any wire that’s hooked up to the specific zone. These are usually different colors. The two wires are connected to either end of the solenoid wiring but never connected together and run underground to the sprinkler timer. Each zone wire is hooked to a separate zone slot on the sprinkler timer. If two zone wires are connected together at any point, they will both turn on at the same time. However, if a common wire is connected to a zone where the sprinkler timer is, it will fail.

Check out this video to learn more about sprinkler wires.

Names of Parts

Sprinkler wire is generally one wire bundle with many strands of smaller 18-gauge wire inside it.

  • Wire Strands: These strands usually come in 3 to 8 wires but can go up to 12 or more. You will always need one extra wire in the bundle than the number of valves. For example, if you have four valves you will need a minimum of five strands of wire, with the fifth wire being the common wire. When running new wire, try to have more than the minimum. If wires break, it makes it easier to fix or add zones with the provided, extra wire.
  • Wire Nuts: These are used to connect the solenoid and wire from the timer.
  • Sprinkler Nodes: These are small sprinkler timer that fits in a valve box.
  • Wire Strippers: These are used to cut and strip the wire coating off.
  • Wire Testers: The cheap way is to get three, 9-volt batteries and put them together. You can then use them to open the solenoid or test of the wire is broken. They also make a tool that sends out a signal in a pulse to turn on valves and can help find broken wires too.
  • Multimeter Tool: This tests the voltage and resistance to tell if you have power. Volts need to be between 24-28. You can also use this to check for resistance. Usually, there needs to be between 20-60 ohms to know the solenoid and wire are both good.

Sprinkler Valve WiringPros and Cons

  • Wires can be run a very long distance, but the longer they are, the easier they become to be cut by shovels or other objects.
  • It’s hard to determine where they are broken since they run underground.
  • They can become brittle, burnt, or exposed over time much like other wiring units.
  • One pro is that they do allow you to have a sprinkler timer run the sprinkler, making it generally easier to water the lawn.

Common Problems with Sprinkler Wires

One of the most common problems in any sprinkler system is a valve not turning on. Most often that is caused by electrical problems. There can only be 3 sources to an electrical problem — a bad wire, timer, or solenoid. You can start diagnosing either at the timer or the solenoid.

Your best tool for diagnosing is the multimeter. When using the multimeter to test a sprinkler system, the red probe will be for the valve wire, while the black wire is for the common wire. Turn the center knob to the correct setting and the probes will connect.


Sprinkler wiring may be a bit difficult to understand at first, but by calling any of our Sprinkler Master Repair locations through clicking this link, you’ll be able to get everything set up, or fixed, in no time at all! At every Sprinkler Master Repair location, we install the best and repair the rest!

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29 May 2020

Pop-up Sprinkler Heads — How to Fix them with Sprinkler Master Repair

With Sprinkler Master Repair, we understand our expertise. When you choose us in any location, you choose quality service that doesn’t cut corners and quality parts that’ll last in the long run. However, we’re also aware that expertise doesn’t stay that way if knowledge isn’t shared. When considering sprinklers in your yard or lawn, there is a lot to measure and think through. Will installing sprinklers in the first place even save me time and money? Which type of sprinkler head uses water the most efficiently? How can I save more water and more money over time? Sprinkler Master Repair can answer these questions and more. Today, we’ll be looking at the Pop-up Sprinkler Head and what they mean for you and your yard!


A Pop-up Sprinkler Head does what it’s called — it pops up out of the ground. It connects to the main pipe by a nipple or a 90-degree funny pipe that usually connects under the sprinkler head. The Pop-up Sprinkler Head uses water pressure to push up the center shaft, which then connects to the nozzle that sprays water. It also has a rubber seal and a spring that helps slide the center shaft up and down with ease. The nozzle on top can spray a radius from 0° to 360°, depending on the type of nozzle used. Nozzles can either regularly spray a fan of water, or spray in small streams that slowly rotate. A Pop-up Sprinkler Head is usually attached to a lateral line and can connect underneath, or on the side if it’s a longer style head.

Click here and here for some video overviews on the Pop-up Sprinkler Head.

Pop-up Sprinkler Head

Names of Parts:

Pros and Cons of the Pop-up Sprinkler Head:

  • Pop-up Sprinkler Heads are relatively cheap.
  • They can be raised or lowered easily.
  • They can be connected to all kinds of sprinkler pipes.
  • The nozzles can be interchanged throughout most sprinkler heads.
  • They can be turned on and off if they have a filter.
  • The sprinkler heads are low profile and are installed underground.
  • However, because of the underground installation, they are more prone to get stuck up or clogged.
  • With them being underground when not in use, they can move up or down from underground, turn easily, and need semi-frequent adjustment.

Common Problems:

Pop-up Sprinklers most commonly get broken from being stepped on, ran over, chewed on, or getting cracked from severe weathering. They can also clog anywhere from the line that feeds them up to the nozzle they spray out of. It is a common misconception that if a sprinkler constantly leaks it’s the sprinkler head’s fault, but the real issue is the sprinkler valve that feeds the head. The nipple or 90-degree funny pipe that connects the sprinkler head to the pipe can easily break or crack. Pressure can be low from too many heads on one line, or valve.

How to Diagnosis Problems:

Pop-up Sprinkler Head Repair

  • When the sprinkler head is not spraying correctly, the nozzle is either broken or clogged.
  • If the sprinkler head stays up after watering, the rubber seal on the top of the sprinkler is going out and may need to be replaced.
  • If water is coming up from underneath the sprinkler, the connection is probably broken.
  • However, if no water or little water is coming out, there is a clog anywhere from the feed line to the head.
  • If a sprinkler is above the grass/dirt line before turning on, it is too high and must be lowered, or vice versa if they are too low.
  • When pressure across all heads is low check the flow control on the valve. If they are still low, consider replacing nozzles with low-pressure nozzles, taking heads off, then adding them to another line, or adding a new valve.

How to Install/Repair:

  • If a nozzle is broken or clogged, it as well as the filter underneath, will need to be replaced. This is done by unscrewing the nozzle/filter and screwing a new one in.
  • If the sprinkler head is staying up after watering, the top of the head or the entire head can be replaced, as they are usually the same price. If water is coming up from under the head, carefully dig a circle of dirt out from around the head, use a nipple extractor to unscrew the broken nipple if possible, if not possible, cut the fitting out of the pipe and put a new one in. Once this is done, blow out any debris by turning the valve on and then screw a new nipple and head on.
  • However, if the head is clogged, try unscrewing the nozzle first to see if debris comes out. You may find that no debris comes out, and if that happens, then the pipe controlling the head may be clogged and needs to be blown out. Unclogging a system can be troublesome. As that happens, try hooking a hose to the head, undoing the fitting right before the valve, and back-blowing it out.
  • If a sprinkler head is too low you can unscrew the head and either unscrew the nipple it’s attached to, add a nipple extender, or lift the pipe (if it’s connected to funny pipe). Your sprinkler head may also be too high. As this is the case, you will need to unscrew the sprinkler head and either unscrew the nipple it’s attached to, reattach a lower one, or connect the head to the funny pipe and move it so it can go lower than the feed pipe (if not already attached to funny pipe).
  • If pressure across all heads is low check the flow control on the valve. However, if they are still low consider replacing nozzles with low-pressure nozzles, taking heads off, then adding them to another line, or adding a new valve.

Tips and Tricks:

  • If a nozzle is clogged, try unscrewing it and blowing out the debris, or using a small screwdriver.
  • A sprinkler nozzle can turn on and off by screwing the center screw (Only if a filter is underneath).
  • Some Pop-up Sprinkler Head nozzles can only be adjusted with special tools.


With any type of sprinkler concern you may have, know that you can rely and depend on Sprinkler Master Repair to get the job done right. We are sprinkler masters in all that we do! Click here to find the nearest location to you, and remember that wherever you go, Sprinkler Master Repair installs the best and repairs the rest!

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20 May 2020

How to Repair Rotor Sprinklers with Sprinkler Master Repair

Rotor sprinkler heads are quite common today. That’s why Sprinkler Master Repair is going to help you solve your own problems when it comes to these types of sprinklers. It’ll be important to understand and distinguish the components that make up a rotor sprinkler before diving into fixing problems. At any Sprinkler Master Repair location, we’ll be able to help solve and fix any sprinkler repairs or issues you may have! Click here to find a Sprinkler Master Repair service nearest to you!

A Rotor Sprinklers Purpose

Rotor head Sprinkler Master Repair

This gear-driven sprinkler head pops up out of the ground and uses internal gears that rotate the head back and forth. The rotor sprinkler head uses water pressure that pushes the head out of the ground, as well as rotates the gears. Water comes in through the bottom of the head, then comes out through the nozzle toward the top. The nozzle is a small, interchangeable, cylindrical object with a hole in the middle than can fluctuate in size, depending on how much water you need to come out. The side of the shaft that moves up and down contains the nozzle.

Springs are then used to help lift the shaft up and down when water pressure is applied. By simply unscrewing the top, the shaft can be replaced or repaired. Rotor sprinklers are also unique because the nozzle can also be removed by unscrewing the screw directly above it. Spray distance is adjusted by turning a screw located directly above the nozzle, while rotation distance is adjusted by turning a screw on the top of the head, opposite the nozzle. Most nozzles, as well as the rotation, can be adjusted with a small flat screwdriver.

Click here to watch a further overview of the rotor sprinkler head.

Names of Parts:

Pro and Cons:

Rotor sprinklers are typically very resilient. They can be used on culinary or secondary water because of the filter built into the bottom of the head. However, Orbit heads turn radius can only be opened more counterclockwise, while Rainbird’s turn radius can only be adjusted clockwise. Because of this, the whole head must be turned to match the turn radius on the stationary side.

For help in fixing or replacing Rainbird heads, click here.

Common Problems:

The gears can wear out making them not turn, or only turn one way. Over time, they can get stepped on, ran over, chewed on, or cracked. If the water pressure is not good enough they will not spray very far, or even pop up. Adjustment screws can come out or they may no longer adjust the head. The nipple or fitting they are attached to can break or crack, or the pipe leading up to the head, or the actual head can clog with debris.

How to Diagnosis Problems:

If water is bubbling up from underneath the fitting or pipe, connected to the head is broken. As the head is not popping up out of the ground, it is either clogged, or there is not enough pressure. If the head is not shooting very far, the nozzle is too big or there might not be enough water pressure.

How to Install/Repair:

If the head is broken, or will not adjust, it is easiest to replace the whole head, though they can also be repaired. The pipe or fitting leading up to the pipe might be broken, and if it is, it may need to be repaired or replaced. If the sprinkler head is not popping up or shooting very far, check the rest of the heads on the system to see if they are doing the same. In the case that none of the heads are coming up or shooting very far, check the flow control on the valve. If it is up, you can replace all of the nozzles with smaller nozzles. If that doesn’t work, the zone may need to be split.

Tips and Tricks:

Always try to use smaller nozzles instead of bigger ones to conserve water pressure. It’s not wise to use Impact or pop up heads with rotor gear heads, as they all water at different rates. Carry both a rainbird flat screwdriver and an orbit alan wrench tool when going to work on gear heads; you may never know when you need either.

Know that you can count on any Sprinkler Master Repair location to serve you in the way you deserve to be served. No matter where you go, you can know for a fact that we’ll take care of you and your needs. We install the best and repair the rest at every Sprinkler Master Repair location! Click here to find yours!

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